By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Baramula, BArAmulA, Baaraamulaa
Bārāmulā is situated near the place where the river Jhelum (Vedic river Vitastā) leaves the Kashmir valley. The modern Bārāmulā was called Varāhamulakṣetra or Varāhakṣetra in the ancient days.
Originally it was a suburb of Huviṣkapura (modern Ushkur). It was associated with the Ādivarāha, the boar incarnation of Viṣṇu, and hence was considered very sacred. Cult of Viṣṇu had flourished a lot during the reigns of Lalitāditya Muktāpīḍa, (Queen) Sugandhā and Kṣemagupta. Consequently many temples and monasteries were built in 9th and 10th centuries in their kingdom. These temples and monasteries were later destroyed by Sikandar during the period A. D. 1390-1416. Only a few columns and tablets of stone remain now as a remnant of the old glory.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore