By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Gurudvara, GurudvAra, Gurudvaara
Gurudvāra literally means ‘gateway to the Guru’.
A gurudvāra is the place where this book, the Ādi Granth, also called Guru Granth Sāhib, is kept in a hall with all the paraphernalia needed to honor it like a human Guru. The Book after being established, is looked after by the granthis (scripture-readers). It is also taken out in a procession like the utsava-vigraha, (processional deity) in a temple.
The Golden Temple at Amritsar in Punjab is the chief gurudvāra of the Sikhs. The other important ones are at Kapurthala, Anandpur (both in Punjab), Nanded (Maharashtra) and Patna (Bihar).
- It is also spelt as ‘gurdvāra’.
- It was compiled by the fifth Guru, Arjan.
- Golden temple is also called as Hari Mandir or Darbār Sāhib.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore