By Swami Harshananda
Pravargya is a Vedic sacrificial rite. Though considered as an independent rite, it is actually incorporated in the Somayāgas like the Agniṣṭoma. It is generally performed twice a day for three days. An important item of this sacrifice is the preparation of gharma out of the milk of a cow and a she-goat, along with ghee. The offerings of gharma are made through fire to the deities Aśvins, Vāyu, Indra, Savitṛ, Bṛhaspati and Yama. The sacrificer drinks the remaining from the upāyamani. During the performance of the Pravargya rite, the doors of the prācīna-vaṅśa or the sacrificial shed are kept closed.
- Gharma means hot milk mixed with boiling ghee.
- Upāyamani means the supporting ladle used in the oblations.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore