By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Rama-purvatapaniya Upanisad, RAma-purvatApanIya UpaniSad, Raama-purvataapaniya Upanishad
Significance of Rāma-purvatāpanīya Upaniṣad
Rāma-purvatāpanīya Upaniṣad is one of the minor Upaniṣads assigned to the Atharvanaveda and devoted to the Rāma sect. There are 94 verses in the anuṣṭubh meter spread over five chapters, each being known as ‘Upaniṣad.’
Content of Rāma-purvatāpanīya Upaniṣad
The first chapter with 13 verses gives several interesting definitions of the word ‘Rāma.’ Two of them are:
The second chapter with only three verses describes how the whole universe has come out of the seed ‘Rāma,’ just like the banyan tree which comes out of its tiny seed.
The fourth chapter with 67 verses is the longest. The subjects dealt with in this are:
- The six-syllabled mantra of Rāma as indicated in the Rāmarahasyopaniṣad
- Prayer to Rāma by gods for the destruction of their enemies
- Prayer by the ṛṣis or sages which gives the story of Rāmā in brief
- Beautiful description of Rāma, after being crowned as the king
- Details of inscribing the Rāmayantra
- Mālāmantra consists of 48 letters, beginning with Om namo bhagavate raghunandanāya and ending with visnave namah
- Eulogy of the yantra
The last section with ten verses deals with some ritualistic aspects connected with:
- Worship of the pīṭha or the base
- Meditation on the Lord or God
- Attainment of mukti
- Liberation by his grace
- Rākṣasas are also called as rā.
- It is also called as māraṇa; ma.
- It is also called as ramante.
- Yantra means geometrical representation.
- Mantra is the esoteric formula.
- Rāmarahasyopaniṣad 2.16-24
- Rāmayantra is the mystical diagram infused with the spirit of Rāma.
- Bhutaśuddhi means purification of elements.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore