By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Sadasiva, SadAZiva, Sadaashiva
Sadāśiva literally means ‘the Ever Auspicious One’.
As per General Description
Sadāśiva is one of the aspects and names of god Śiva. He is described as having five heads and ten arms, and is seated in baddha-padmāsana. The heads are adorned with matted hair. The ten hands hold:
- Śakti - spear with a triangular tip
- Triśula - trident
- Khaṭvāṅga - magic wand
- Abhayamudrā - gesture of protection
- Varadamudrā - gestures of boon-giving
- Ḍamaru - hand-drum
- Nīlotpala - blue-lotus
- Bījāpura - pomegranate fruit
Alternately, he may be shown as having a single face with three eyes, with a crescent moon adorned on the head. His consort is Manonmaṇi.
As per Other Description
As per Śaivasiddhānta
In Śaivasiddhānta, Sadāśiva is the Supreme God-head but absolutely formless. He is all-pervading, extremely subtle and incomprehensible.
- Baddha-padmāsana means bound lotus posture.
- Saumya means pleasant and peaceful.
- Purṇāmṛta-kumbhas means pots filled with nectar.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore