By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Samayacaryas, SamayAcAryas, Samayaacaaryas
Samayācāryas literally means ‘teachers of Śiva tradition’.
Śaivism is a very ancient religion or sect of India. The sixty-three Nāyanmārs of Tamil Nadu and also the Śivaśaraṇas of Karnataka are its prominent teachers. The four most important ācāryas or teachers of Tamil Śaivism are generally known as Samayācāryas. They are:
Samayamata is another name for Samayācāra.
- Nāyanmārs means ‘servants of God'.
- They are the ‘teachers who knew the samaya or tradition, best’.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore