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By Swami Harshananda

Anuloma literally means ‘with the hair or grain’.

Anything that is in the accepted order is termed as ‘anuloma’, opposite to ‘pratiloma’ (‘opposed to the hair or grain’) which indicates the reverse order. The word is widely used with regard to marriages and jati.

An anuloma marriage is one in which the male is of a higher jati than the female. Offsprings of such unions belong to a set of jati called anuloma jati.

In the pratiloma marriage the male is of a lower jati than the female and the offsprings belong to pratiloma jati.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore