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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Bhavani, BhavAni, Bhavaani

Bhavāni literally means consort of Bhava or Śiva’.

Śiva, the last of the Trinity, is called ‘Bhava’ since the creation comes into being (bhavati asmāt) out of Him. Pārvatī, His consort is therefore known as ‘Bhavāni’.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore