Difference between revisions of "Dvārapālas or dvārapālakas"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
Dvārapālas or dvārapālakas literally means ‘guardians of doors’.
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[[Dvārapālas or dvārapālakas]] literally means ‘guardians of doors’.
  
 
[[File:dvarapala.jpg|thumb|Dvārapālas]]
 
[[File:dvarapala.jpg|thumb|Dvārapālas]]
  
All the temples built in the traditional style have dvārapālas or door guardians generally at the sides of the main doorway of the sanctum. Their iconographic details vary according to the sectarian affiliation of the temple:
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All the [[temples]] built in the traditional style have dvārapālas or door guardians generally at the sides of the main doorway of the sanctum. Their iconographic details vary according to the sectarian affiliation of the temple:
 
# Śaiva
 
# Śaiva
# Śākta
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# [[Śākta]]
 
# Vaiṣṇava
 
# Vaiṣṇava
  
 
==Dvārapālas in Vaiṣṇava Temple==
 
==Dvārapālas in Vaiṣṇava Temple==
In Vaiṣṇava temples there are three pairs of dvārapālas:
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In Vaiṣṇava [[temples]] there are three pairs of dvārapālas:
# Caṇḍa and Pracaṇḍa at the sides of the temple
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# [[Caṇḍa]] and Pracaṇḍa at the sides of the temple
# Jaya and Vijaya at the sides of the sanctum in the ardhamaṇḍapa
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# [[Jaya]] and Vijaya at the sides of the sanctum in the ardhamaṇḍ[[apa]]
# Purṇa and Puṣkara at the outside enclosure
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# Purṇa and [[Puṣkara]] at the outside enclosure
  
Sometimes Nanda and Sunanda and Kumuda and Kumudākṣa are also mentioned as dvārapālas. There are some other deities also,  who function as guardians. For instance with raised trunks or holding a lotus in adoration.
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Sometimes [[Nanda]] and Sunanda and Kumuda and Kumudākṣa are also mentioned as dvārapālas. There are some other [[deities]] also,  who function as guardians. For instance with raised trunks or holding a lotus in adoration.
  
One of the well-known figures of the dvārapālas is in the stone relief of the Varāhamaṇḍapa at Māmallāpuram<ref>Māmallāpuram is famous as Mahābalipuram.</ref> near Chennai or Madras.
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One of the well-known figures of the dvārapālas is in the stone relief of the Varāhamaṇḍapa at Māmallāpuram<ref>Māmallāpuram is famous as [[Mahābalipuram]].</ref> near Chennai or Madras.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 09:41, 16 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Dvarapalas or dvarapalakas, DvArapAlas or dvArapAlakas, Dvaarapaalas or dvaarapaalakas


Dvārapālas or dvārapālakas literally means ‘guardians of doors’.

Dvārapālas

All the temples built in the traditional style have dvārapālas or door guardians generally at the sides of the main doorway of the sanctum. Their iconographic details vary according to the sectarian affiliation of the temple:

  1. Śaiva
  2. Śākta
  3. Vaiṣṇava

Dvārapālas in Vaiṣṇava Temple

In Vaiṣṇava temples there are three pairs of dvārapālas:

  1. Caṇḍa and Pracaṇḍa at the sides of the temple
  2. Jaya and Vijaya at the sides of the sanctum in the ardhamaṇḍapa
  3. Purṇa and Puṣkara at the outside enclosure

Sometimes Nanda and Sunanda and Kumuda and Kumudākṣa are also mentioned as dvārapālas. There are some other deities also, who function as guardians. For instance with raised trunks or holding a lotus in adoration.

One of the well-known figures of the dvārapālas is in the stone relief of the Varāhamaṇḍapa at Māmallāpuram[1] near Chennai or Madras.

References

  1. Māmallāpuram is famous as Mahābalipuram.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore