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By Swami Harshananda

Dyaus literally means ‘that which shines’.

It is erived from the root ‘div’.[1] The word ‘dyaus’ or ‘dyo’ represents heaven, the region of light. It is sometimes treated as a deity or as the father of both gods and human beings.

Pṛthvī is considered as the mother. Hence the use of the word ‘dyāvāpṛthvī’ is used to represent the parents of all beings. These divine parents are invoked to grace their worshipers with rains, food, wealth and success in life.


  1. Div means to shine.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore