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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Mithila, MithilA, Mithilaa

Mithilā has been a well-known city in the epics and the purāṇas. King Janaka,[1] father of Sītā, lived and ruled over his kingdom, the Videha. It was built by the king Mithi, grandson of Ikṣvāku.

It is sometimes identified with Janakpur in Uttar Pradesh near Nepal border. Others think it is Tirhut in Bihar. The epics and the purāṇas have described it as a grand and majestic city.


  1. He was also known as Vaideha or Sīradhvaja.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore