Difference between revisions of "Nimbārka"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
Nimbārka lived in 12th cent. A. D. He was a well-known teacher of Vedānta who advocated a balanced combination of bhakti<ref>Bhakti means the devotion to God.</ref> and jñāna<ref>Jñāna means knowledge.</ref> like Rāmānuja<ref>He lived in A. D. 1017-1137.</ref> and Madhva.<ref>He lived in A.D. 1238-1317.</ref> Though his date of birth is not known, he is known to have passed away in A. D. 1162.
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Nimbārka lived in 12th cent. A. D. He was a well-known teacher of Vedānta who advocated a balanced combination of [[bhakti]]<ref>[[Bhakti]] means the devotion to God.</ref> and jñāna<ref>Jñāna means knowledge.</ref> like Rāmānuja<ref>He lived in A. D. 1017-1137.</ref> and Madhva.<ref>He lived in A.D. 1238-1317.</ref> Though his date of birth is not known, he is known to have passed away in A. D. 1162.
  
He was born of Jagannātha and Sarasvatī, a Telugu-speaking couple who lived at Nimbāpura<ref>Nimbāpura is now identified with Naidu Pattana.</ref> in the Bellary district of Karnataka State. His original name was Niyamānanda. His followers consider him as the incarnation of Sudarśana.<ref>Sudarśana means discus of Lord Viṣṇu.</ref> According to one legend, he was given the name ‘Nimbārka’ by a sanyāsin who accepted food in his house after sunset, thinking it was still daytime, since Nimbārka through his devotion and prayers to Lord Śrīkṛṣṇa had created that illusion through the Sudarśana discus which shone in the western horizon like the sun. The sanyāsin was able to see the sun<ref>Sun means arka.</ref> from atop nimba.<ref>Nimba means neem tree.</ref> After learning the truth, the sanyāsin gave him the  name ‘Nimbārka’.
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He was born of Jagannātha and [[Sarasvatī]], a Telugu-speaking couple who lived at Nimbāpura<ref>Nimbāpura is now identified with Naidu Pattana.</ref> in the Bellary district of Karnataka State. His original name was Niyamā[[nanda]]. His followers consider him as the incarnation of [[Sudarśana]].<ref>[[Sudarśana]] means discus of Lord [[Viṣṇu]].</ref> According to one legend, he was given the name ‘Nimbārka’ by a sanyāsin who accepted food in his [[house]] after sunset, thinking it was still daytime, since Nimbārka through his devotion and prayers to Lord Śrīkṛṣṇa had created that illusion through the Sudarśana discus which shone in the western horizon like the sun. The sanyāsin was able to see the sun<ref>Sun means [[arka]].</ref> from atop nimba.<ref>Nimba means neem tree.</ref> After learning the truth, the sanyāsin gave him the  name ‘Nimbārka’.
  
He migrated to Vṛndāban<ref>Vṛndāban is in the Mathurā district of Uttar Pradesh.</ref> and lived the rest of his life there. He had many disciples and followers, both ascetics and householders. Out of them Harivyāsadeva<ref>Harivyāsadeva is in 15th cent. A. D.</ref> and Keśava Kāśmīri were more well-known. His magnum opus is Vedāntapārijāta Kaustubha, a brief and clear commentary on the Brahmasutras. The Daśaśloki,<ref>Daśaśloki is also called Siddhāntaratna.</ref> a small work of ten verses expounding the author’s doctrine for the tyros, is also attributed to him. Wearing of the gopīcandana as two perpendicular lines on the forehead with a dark dot in the center and also carrying a rosary of tulasī beads is the hallmark of Nimbārka’s followers. His philosophy is now well-known as Dvaitādvaita.
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He migrated to Vṛndāban<ref>Vṛndāban is in the Mathurā district of Uttar Pradesh.</ref> and lived the rest of his life there. He had many disciples and followers, both [[ascetics]] and householders. Out of them Harivyāsadeva<ref>Harivyāsadeva is in 15th cent. A. D.</ref> and Keśava Kāśmīri were more well-known. His magnum opus is Vedāntapārijāta [[Kaustubha]], a brief and clear commentary on the Brahmasutras. The Daśaśloki,<ref>Daśaśloki is also called Siddhāntaratna.</ref> a small work of ten verses expounding the author’s doctrine for the tyros, is also attributed to him. Wearing of the gopī[[candana]] as two perpendicular lines on the forehead with a dark dot in the center and also carrying a rosary of tulasī beads is the hallmark of Nimbārka’s followers. His philosophy is now well-known as Dvaitā[[dvaita]].
  
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 16:10, 17 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Nimbarka, NimbArka, Nimbaarka


Nimbārka lived in 12th cent. A. D. He was a well-known teacher of Vedānta who advocated a balanced combination of bhakti[1] and jñāna[2] like Rāmānuja[3] and Madhva.[4] Though his date of birth is not known, he is known to have passed away in A. D. 1162.

He was born of Jagannātha and Sarasvatī, a Telugu-speaking couple who lived at Nimbāpura[5] in the Bellary district of Karnataka State. His original name was Niyamānanda. His followers consider him as the incarnation of Sudarśana.[6] According to one legend, he was given the name ‘Nimbārka’ by a sanyāsin who accepted food in his house after sunset, thinking it was still daytime, since Nimbārka through his devotion and prayers to Lord Śrīkṛṣṇa had created that illusion through the Sudarśana discus which shone in the western horizon like the sun. The sanyāsin was able to see the sun[7] from atop nimba.[8] After learning the truth, the sanyāsin gave him the name ‘Nimbārka’.

He migrated to Vṛndāban[9] and lived the rest of his life there. He had many disciples and followers, both ascetics and householders. Out of them Harivyāsadeva[10] and Keśava Kāśmīri were more well-known. His magnum opus is Vedāntapārijāta Kaustubha, a brief and clear commentary on the Brahmasutras. The Daśaśloki,[11] a small work of ten verses expounding the author’s doctrine for the tyros, is also attributed to him. Wearing of the gopīcandana as two perpendicular lines on the forehead with a dark dot in the center and also carrying a rosary of tulasī beads is the hallmark of Nimbārka’s followers. His philosophy is now well-known as Dvaitādvaita.


References

  1. Bhakti means the devotion to God.
  2. Jñāna means knowledge.
  3. He lived in A. D. 1017-1137.
  4. He lived in A.D. 1238-1317.
  5. Nimbāpura is now identified with Naidu Pattana.
  6. Sudarśana means discus of Lord Viṣṇu.
  7. Sun means arka.
  8. Nimba means neem tree.
  9. Vṛndāban is in the Mathurā district of Uttar Pradesh.
  10. Harivyāsadeva is in 15th cent. A. D.
  11. Daśaśloki is also called Siddhāntaratna.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore