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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Pratihara, PratihAra, Pratihaara

Pratihāra literally means a part of the sāman, introduced with the chant huiii.

The udgātṛ is one of the four principal priests in a Vedic sacrifice representing the Sāmaveda. He sings the sāmans at the appropriate stages in a sacrifice. He has three assistants one of whom is the pratihartṛ or pratihartā. It is his duty to chant the pratihāra. The pratihāra is a reply or response to prastāva, the first part of a sāman.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore