Difference between revisions of "Saḍvidhaliñgas"

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<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
 
<small>By Swami Harshananda</small>
  
Śravaṇa,<ref>Śravaṇa means listening to Vedāntic statements.</ref> manana<ref>Manana means deep reflection upon them.</ref> and nididhyāsana<ref>Nididhyāsana means meditation on the truths intellectually realized.</ref> is the standard method of Vedānta sādhanā.<ref>Vedānta sādhanā means spiritual practice.</ref> When the aspirant listens to the statements of the Śrutis,<ref>Śrutis means the Upaniṣads.</ref> he must be able to understand their meaning and purport very clearly. Then only the next two steps are possible.
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Śravaṇa,<ref>Śravaṇa means listening to Vedāntic statements.</ref> [[manana]]<ref>[[Manana]] means deep reflection upon them.</ref> and [[nididhyāsana]]<ref>[[Nididhyāsana]] means meditation on the truths intellectually realized.</ref> is the standard method of Vedānta sādhanā.<ref>Vedānta sādhanā means spiritual practice.</ref> When the aspirant listens to the statements of the Śrutis,<ref>Śrutis means the Upaniṣads.</ref> he must be able to understand their meaning and purport very clearly. Then only the next two steps are possible.
  
To get a clear understanding of the scriptural statements one has to apply the test of ṣaḍvidhaliṅgas. Saḍ means six and a liṅga is a characteristic sign. These are:
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To get a clear understanding of the scriptural statements one has to apply the [[test]] of ṣaḍvidhaliṅgas. Saḍ means six and a [[liṅga]] is a characteristic sign. These are:
# Upakrama and upasaṅhāra - statement of the subject in the beginning and reiterating it at the end
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# [[Upakrama]] and upasaṅhāra - statement of the subject in the beginning and reiterating it at the end
# Abhyāsa or repetition - repeated emphasis on this subject to fix it in the mind
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# [[Abhyāsa]] or repetition - repeated emphasis on this subject to fix it in the mind
 
# Apurvatā or originality - showing that the meaning of this sentence cannot be gathered from any other source since it has never been stated earlier
 
# Apurvatā or originality - showing that the meaning of this sentence cannot be gathered from any other source since it has never been stated earlier
 
# Phala or use - the utility of following the teaching thus obtained
 
# Phala or use - the utility of following the teaching thus obtained
# Arthavāda or eulogy - praising the greatness of the topic to make it palatable
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# [[Arthavāda]] or eulogy - praising the greatness of the topic to make it palatable
 
# Upapatti or reasoning - logic in the support of main subject
 
# Upapatti or reasoning - logic in the support of main subject
  
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==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore
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* The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram [[Krishna]] Math, Bangalore
  
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism]]

Latest revision as of 07:59, 18 December 2016

By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Sadvidhalingas, SaDvidhaliJgas, Sadvidhaliygas


Śravaṇa,[1] manana[2] and nididhyāsana[3] is the standard method of Vedānta sādhanā.[4] When the aspirant listens to the statements of the Śrutis,[5] he must be able to understand their meaning and purport very clearly. Then only the next two steps are possible.

To get a clear understanding of the scriptural statements one has to apply the test of ṣaḍvidhaliṅgas. Saḍ means six and a liṅga is a characteristic sign. These are:

  1. Upakrama and upasaṅhāra - statement of the subject in the beginning and reiterating it at the end
  2. Abhyāsa or repetition - repeated emphasis on this subject to fix it in the mind
  3. Apurvatā or originality - showing that the meaning of this sentence cannot be gathered from any other source since it has never been stated earlier
  4. Phala or use - the utility of following the teaching thus obtained
  5. Arthavāda or eulogy - praising the greatness of the topic to make it palatable
  6. Upapatti or reasoning - logic in the support of main subject


References

  1. Śravaṇa means listening to Vedāntic statements.
  2. Manana means deep reflection upon them.
  3. Nididhyāsana means meditation on the truths intellectually realized.
  4. Vedānta sādhanā means spiritual practice.
  5. Śrutis means the Upaniṣads.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore