By Swami Harshananda
Sometimes transliterated as: Suryagita, SuryagItA, Suryagitaa
Significance of Suryagītā
Suryagītā is one of the minor Gitās composed in imitation of the well-known Bhagavadgītā. It forms a part of a bigger work, Gurujñāna-vāsistha-tattvasārāyana. It is spread over five chapters and has 376 verses. It is in the form of a dialogue between the charioteer Aruṇa and his master Surya. The philosophy is Śivādvaita, advaita centered round Śiva.
Content of Suryagītā
Mukti is attained by the combined practice of jñāna, karma and upāsanā. For a sādhaka all the three are equally important. There is a nice description of the eternal attributes and the playful attributes of Śiva followed by the attributes of a perfected soul called karmiśreṣṭha. These are similar to those of the sthitapragña in the Bhagavadgitā.
- Jñāna means knowledge.
- Karma means action, rituals.
- Upāsanā means meditation.
- Sādhaka means spiritual aspirant.
- Eternal attributes are nityavibhutis.
- Playful attributes are līlāvibhutis.
- Bhagavadgitā 2.55-72
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore