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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Suryagita, SuryagItA, Suryagitaa

Significance of Suryagītā

Suryagītā is one of the minor Gitās composed in imitation of the well-known Bhagavadgītā. It forms a part of a bigger work, Gurujñāna-vāsistha-tattvasārāyana. It is spread over five chapters and has 376 verses. It is in the form of a dialogue between the charioteer Aruṇa and his master Surya. The philosophy is Śivādvaita, advaita centered round Śiva.

Content of Suryagītā

Mukti is attained by the combined practice of jñāna,[1] karma[2] and upāsanā.[3] For a sādhaka[4] all the three are equally important. There is a nice description of the eternal attributes[5] and the playful attributes[6] of Śiva followed by the attributes of a perfected soul called karmiśreṣṭha. These are similar to those of the sthitapragña in the Bhagavadgitā.[7]


  1. Jñāna means knowledge.
  2. Karma means action, rituals.
  3. Upāsanā means meditation.
  4. Sādhaka means spiritual aspirant.
  5. Eternal attributes are nityavibhutis.
  6. Playful attributes are līlāvibhutis.
  7. Bhagavadgitā 2.55-72
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore