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By Swami Harshananda

Sometimes transliterated as: Suryopasthana, SuryopasthAna, Suryopasthaana

Suryopasthāna is repeating the prayer addressed to the deity Gāyatrī in the orb of the sun in the standing posture facing the sun.[1] This is the last rite of bidding farewell to the goddess after having invoked her and satiated her through japa. Apart from the sun, the mountain Meru is sometimes described as her abode.


  1. Upasthāna means standing.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore